Author: Hyclor

Equipment Maintenance

Keeping your pool sparkling clean does not have to be as difficult as you might think. All pools are different and so are their maintenance needs. However, they all share one thing: The secret to perfect pool health is a regular scheduled .

If you choose to handle common problems like leaking pipes or broken pumps on your own, make sure to always consult the manufacturer manuals before fixing or using equipment. No matter if you rely on a service company to take care of your pool, you still need to do a few things on your own to ensure your pool stays in good condition for years.

Check out the tips below to make sure your pool equipment lasts long.

1. Pump Maintenance

The purpose of your pool pump is to suck water from the pool which goes through a filter and is pumped back into the pool. Maintaining a pool pump in prime condition does require year-round servicing, but with these easy steps it will become second nature.

  • Lubricate all union and lid O-rings with a silicon-based lube to make sure they do not dry out, which prevents unwanted air getting into the system.
  • Remove any dust and debris from around the motor to ensure ventilation and free airflow around the pump to cool the motor.
  • Clean the pump basket/filter regularly to avoid debris buildup. If you’re handy with tools you can remove the wet end of the pump to clean out and ensure the impeller is free from debris.
2. Filter Maintenance

The pool filter is crucial for keeping a pool clean and healthy. Whatever kind of filter system you have, it removes larger particles like dirt, hair and insects from the pool water as well as finer particles like bacteria and other contaminants.

Sand Filter:

  • Lubricate all union and neck O-rings with a silicon based lube to make sure they do not dry out.
  • Visually inspect the sand filter for any splits or leaks.
  • Make sure to backwash and rinse once a month to ensure the sand is free to capture any particles.
  • Perform a filter degrease with a filter media cleaner.

Cartridge Filter

  • Lubricate all union and lid O-rings with silicon-based lube to make sure they do not dry out.
  • Visually inspect the cartridge filter tank and lid for any splits or leaks.
  • Make sure to clean out the cartridge element with a high-pressure hose once a month.
  • Perform a cartridge degrease with an element media cleaner.

3. Chlorinator Maintenance

A salt cell also known as a chlorine generator is an important part of every pool. It produces sanitisers that keep your water fresh and clean. However, it requires ongoing maintenance to continue functioning or serious problems can arise.

  • Visually inspect the chlorinator housing for any splits or leaks.
  • Lubricate the cell housing O-ring with a silicon-based lube to prevent it from drying out.
  • Ensure all timers are set correctly and running in time.
  • To remove any calcium deposits, clean the cell and flow sensor with a 15:1 acid solution or a purpose made cell cleaner for no longer than 20 minutes

Smart Chemical Usage

Your pool chemicals can eat up most of your pool’s maintenance cost, but there are a few simple tricks that can help save a lot of money in the long run. Check out our list of helpful tips that could help you save a fortune.

Chemical Balancing

The chemical balance of a swimming pool is vitally important. While it may be extra work to maintain the chemical balance it will help prevent algae and cloudy water from developing. When adding chemicals to the pool there is a particular order they should be added in:

  • After testing the water, if you are required to add pH increaser/decreaser and alkalinity increaser it is best to add the alkalinity increaser on day 1 and pH increaser/decreaser on day 2. If you add them at the same time they will cancel each other out, therefore wasting chemicals.
  • Always ensure your stabiliser level is correct before adding chlorine to the pool. This will ensure that the chlorine is not burnt off by the sun quicker than sanitising the water.
  • When adding stabiliser to the water, make sure to not backwash your filter for at least 3 days. Stabiliser slowly dissolves in the filter, so if you backwash after adding you could be pouring money down the drain.
  • Before adding any chemicals, ensure that your pH is within 7.2–7.6. All chemicals are more effective when the pH is correct.
  • If possible add chlorine or sanitiser’s in at night to prevent unnecessary burning off from UV rays.

Overall, the absolute best way to save money on chemicals is to test the water more regularly. This prevents levels shooting up and down while also creating better quality water and swimming experience.

Solar Pool Cover

Pool covers are a great investment, they have many great advantages in regards to water and chemical savings.

There are three big reasons you need to protect your pool from sunlight.

  1. The first is the bacteria and algae that chlorine has to eliminate; both grow best in warm water with lots of sunlight. So, if they are allowed to grow almost unchecked in a warm sunny pool, you’ll use up your chlorine faster and have to regularly replenish it.
  2. The second is sunlight reduces chlorine’s efficiency. It causes the sanitiser to dissipate faster and the chlorine demand to go up. On a sunny day, it only takes 2 hours to burn off your chlorine by 90%.
  3. Thirdly, to fight evaporation make sure your pool is covered when not in use. A simple solar cover between swims is all that is needed to save precious litres. If you use a pool heater, keep it set as low as possible.

Therefore, unless someone is swimming, cover your pool to save money on water and chemicals.

So, there you have it, once you know how to save money on pool chemicals, it’s not hard to manage efficiency. A lot of it comes down to using tactics so your chemicals don’t have to do as much work.

Chemicals For Autumn

With the summer season now over, you may find that your pool is not being used as much, but that doesn’t mean you should just cover it up and forget about it as the weather is still good enough for a swim every now and then. You want to make sure that you can still use the pool if the need arises. At least, before it all gets too cold.

As the leaves are falling during the autumn season and the temperature begins to drop, it is tempting to just let your pool go to sleep, but that would be a big mistake. There are a couple of pool maintenance tips that you need to implement as soon as possible. Acting immediately will help you save money and more importantly protect your pool from any damages.

Here are some simple things to get started:

1. Clean The Whole Pool

The first thing you want to do is remove all dirt and debris from the pool, this is to ensure you are starting autumn with a clean slate.

  • Thoroughly brush the floors and walls of the pool
  • Scoop and skim all leaves and larger debris out
  • Vacuum to waste any debris that has fallen to the pools floor
  • Clean out all skimmer and pump baskets thoroughly
2. Clean All Filters

This step is very important as over summer a lot of debris and bacteria would have been trapped inside a filter.

  • Sand Filter: Backwash and rinse with a filter cleaning solution. This will breakdown all oil and grease deposits that a regular backwash will not rid of.
  • Cartridge Filter: Remove cartridge from housing and soak in a filter cleaning solution to breakdown all debris deposits, then thoroughly hose down. If your cartridge isn’t cleaning out well, it may be time for a new one.
3. Balance The Pool

Now that the pool is clean and clear, let’s move on to chemicals. As water temperatures get colder, the need for certain chemicals will drop. But it’s still very important to ensure the essential balancing levels are maintained.

  • pH needs to be between 7.2 to 7.6
  • Total Alkalinity needs to be between 100–150ppm
  • Free Chlorine needs to be maintained at 2–3ppm
4. Protect Against Algae

Use an algaecide that is appropriate for your pool. The addition of pool algaecide will enhance and prolong the effectiveness of the chlorine and can act as a valuable backup to the anti-algae effects of regular chlorination.

5. Schedule Regular Shock Treatments

It’s recommended to use a regular shock treatment throughout autumn and winter. Once you’ve added the shock treatment appropriate for your pool–run both the pump and filter for several hours to ensure it has been well distributed throughout the water.

Out of Town Maintenance

So, you’re going away and you’re wondering how to prevent your pool from turning green? Well not to worry, we’ve got you covered!

Here are some best practices for preparing your pool before you head out on that well deserved break.

Going-Away Checklist:
  1. Top up your pool’s water level
    Ensure that the water is at least 3/4 of the way up the skimmer or more. While you’re away, evaporation and water loss will happen, so it’s always best to fill the pool above the normal level to prevent your pump running dry.
  2. Test your water
    Test your pool water to ensure sanitiser levels are stable and pH, alkalinity and stabiliser levels are balanced correctly.
  3. Shock the water
    Once chemical levels are balanced, it’s time to shock the pool. For shocking, there are many types of chlorines that can be used. We recommend using a calcium based chlorine like HY-CLOR Super Shock to not unnecessarily raise your stabiliser levels. For dosage measurements, refer to the product instructions.
  4. Remove debris
    Ensure that the skimmer baskets, filter and pump are clean and free from debris before you leave. If your system has a backwash option, now would be the time to run it, or if you have a cartridge filter, hose down the cartridge.
  5. Keep the pump and filter on while you are away
    Most pump systems have an automatic timer. Set it before you leave to ensure the pool filter system will run at least 4 to 8 hours per day, depending on the size of the pool.
  6. Have a friend or neighbour check on your pool
    For extra peace of mind, have a trusted caretaker keep an eye on the pool. They can check the water levels, the skimmer basket and any problems that may occur.
  7. Put all safety measures in place
    Safety is incredibly important when you are leaving your pool unattended. Make sure you have the proper safeguards in place to prevent an accident. This includes ensuring gate latches are securely locked and remove the solar cover to prevent potential harm to small animals, pets and children.
  8. Winterise your pool
    If you plan to be gone for more than a month, you may want to consider winterising the pool which involves adding a copper based algaecide such as HY-CLOR’s Long Life Algaecide. This extra strength algaecide will work in tandem with the chlorine to prevent algae from blooming.

Prepare For The Long Weekend

With Easter around the corner, it’s time to get the pool ready for the long weekend.

Long weekends are the perfect time to spend some quality time with your family and friends. Not only do you want your swimming pool to be sparkling clear, it also needs to be safe and healthy. Chemical imbalance can cause skin and eye irritations, algae outbreaks and pool surface staining/scaling.

HY-CLOR’s Party Prep chemicals have been designed to provide protection against bacteria and algae whilst maximising the filtration capacity, water clarity and swimmer comfort. We have put together a handy guide to ensure your pool is swim ready

Weekend Prep:
  1. Test and balance waterFirst things first, test your water and ensure that balancing levels are in the correct range.
  2. Remove pool cleaner, hoses and vacuum plateThis is to ensure a full flow of circulation through the skimmer.
  3. Backwash and rinse the filter (backwash 3 minutes and rinse for 30 seconds) or clean out cartridge filterThis is to ensure your filter is free to capture any particles that may be present.
  4. Dissolve the required amount of HY-CLOR Spa Shock (or equivalent non-chlorine based oxidiser) in a clean bucket of water and pour into the pool in batches.Non-Chlorine based oxidisers use active oxygen to destroy contaminants while easing the load of your Free Chlorine Level and preventing the build up of chloramines.
  5. Pour required amount of HY-CLOR Algaecide into the poolThis is used to prevent harmful bacteria and algae from blooming
  6. Pour required amount of HY-CLOR CloudOut Clarifier into the poolThis is used to help bind all small particles together so they are big enough to be captured in your filter, creating that crystal clear look.
  7. Add required amount of HY-CLOR EVO Mineral into the shallow end and brush thoroughly until no sediment remainsEVO Mineral contains magnesium and potassium to create softer and more luxurious water whilst helping to protect from scaling.
  8. While the chemicals are being circulated, brush the walls and floor thoroughly to kick up dirt and debris 
  9. Run the pool for 6 hours or overnight if necessary


Now your pool is ready for some long weekend fun. If you need any extra assistant regarding this procedure, contact the HY-CLOR 7-day helpline on 1800 625 123


Maintaining After Heavy Use

The long weekend has passed and now your pool is looking a little worse for wear. You may be wondering why this is? Well, this is due to heavy use or in pool maintenance terminology– “Bather Load”

Generally, any time there is an increased bather load in your pool it creates strains in the water. For example, if your pool endures consistent use throughout the week but an increased bather load on the weekend, higher levels of bacteria will be introduced into the water.

In these cases, the normal chlorine level is an insufficient amount of sanitisation, therefore creating a foggy looking pool. Let’s explain how to fix it with 3 easy steps:


Before anything, the first thing you want to do is backwash and rinse your sand filter or hose down your cartridge filter. That way, your filter is free to capture any particles for the next steps.

You will then need to test your chemical levels are within the ranges below:

pH: 7.2 – 7.6
Total Alkalinity: 80 – 120 (ppm)
Calcium Hardness: 200 – 500 (ppm)
Cyanuric Acid: 30 – 50 (ppm)


Once chemical levels are balanced, it’s time to shock the pool.

Before shocking the pool, make sure to brush the walls and floor to kick up debris clinging to the pools surface. For shocking a pool, there are many types of chlorines that can be used – we recommend using a calcium based chlorine like HY-CLOR Super Shock. Dosage rates below:

Stabilised Pool – 100g per 10,000lts
Unstabilised Pool – 150g per 10,000lts

Make sure to completely dissolve any granular chlorine in a bucket of fresh water before adding to the pool.


Now that you’ve tested and shocked your pool, the last step would be to add a clarifying agent to help with clearing the pool. Depending on the severity of cloudiness, any type of clarifier will do.

Once you have added the clarifier, make sure to run the filter for 24 hrs and clean the filter afterwards.

If you need any extra assistant regarding this procedure, contact the HY-CLOR 7 day helpline on 1800 625 123.

Quarterly Maintenance

Quarterly Maintenance

There are certain types of deep cleaning and maintenance that only need to be done 4 times a year. We suggest doing it at the chance of seasons to keep it simple.

Clean The Exterior Of The Spa

Get out a brush and the appropriate cleaning fluid for the material of your hot tub cabinet. Of course, you can clean the cabinet as necessary as possible – if it gets dirty or it’s starting to look grimy. Make sure you give it a thorough cleaning at least once ever season.

Drain and Clean

Drain the spa and do a deep clean on the entire shell. Take note of any damage like chips or cracks and call a professional if you need repairs. This is your chance to get rid of any chemical, mineral, or gunk buildup below the water level.

Refill and Balance

Refill the Spa and make sure not to overfill. When you have refilled the spa, test the water and balance until your alkalinity, pH and sanitiser levels are where they should be.

Soak Filter

While you are cleaning and refilling the tub – soak the filter in a cleaning solution. This quarterly soak will really get out the build-up of fine debris.

Annual Maintenance

Once a year, preferably around the same time each year you should do a full tune-up.

The following tasks should be done at least once a year. Remember, you can schedule your maintenance so that your monthly, quarterly, and annual maintenance fall on the same day.

Pipe Degrease

Flush all the plumbing lines with a spa pipe degreaser. This gets rid of bacteria and biofilm that builds up over time.

Check all the hardware and wiring.

Spas are usually pretty simple devices, but there are some components that can degrade over time. Weather, pests, chemicals, and everyday wear and tear can all take a toll. If you’re not sure what you’re looking at, bring in a spa maintenance professional.

Professional Inspection

Bring in a professional for a full tune-up. A pool maintenance professional will look at every aspect of your spa and make any necessary repairs.

Weekly Spa Maintenance

Weekly Maintenance

Once a week, perhaps on the weekend you will need to go one step further and spend about 20-30 minutes for your weekly maintenance.

Full Test & Balance

Test your water for alkalinity, pH, hardness and sanitiser. Make adjustments. Once a week you should adjust everything back to their ideal levels.

Shock the Spa

You can use chlorine-based or non-chlorine shock. HY-CLOR recommends using Spa Shock, just make sure to carefully follow the directions on the back of the container. Leave the cover off for a few hours afterwards.

Clean Spa Filtration

Remove your Spa filter and rinse it out with a garden hose. A clean filter will do a better, more efficient job cleaning your water.

Clean your spa cover.

Wipe down your Spa cover with a specialised cover cleaner. Clean the top and bottom. Dust can settle on the top of the cover and wiping it down weekly will prevent a buildup. Wiping the inside of the cover weekly prevents the accumulation of mold or algae.

Monthly Maintenance

Once a month you will need to do a more intense clean. You can coordinate your monthly checks with your daily and weekly checks to save time.

Extra Filter Clean

Rinse your filter with a specialised filter cleaner. Not every rinse needs to be with chemicals, but doing it once a month will clear out any excess dirt or grime.

Inspect Spa Jets

Assuming you use your spa regularly, you would notice if a jet wasn’t working correctly. However, take this opportunity once a month to purposely check each jet to make sure it is working and there is no external damage like cracks of loose parts.

Daily Spa Maintenance

To keep your Spa at its best, there is no getting around a little daily maintenance. You can make it part of your daily routine, just like brushing your teeth. Consistency is key and making it part of a routine will go a long way towards staying reliable.

Is the cover on?

Keeping the cover on securely is the first step in spa maintenance. It keeps the good chemicals and heat in, while keeping fluctuating temperatures and debris out.

Water Temperature

After inspecting the cover, open and check the water temperature. It’s easiest just to purchase a thermometer and keep it in your Spa. If the temperature is stable, you’re done. If there is ongoing fluctuation, you may have a problem.

Inspect Cover

Close the cover and check for any external damage. Little tears and scratches can be dealt with. Keeping the cover clean and damage-free on a regular basis will extend its life and save you money.

Every 2nd Day

About every other day, you will need to get a little active. It won’t take a lot of time but spending 5 to 10 minutes every couple of days will save you time and money. These are the tasks that keep your spa in good condition for the long run.

Test the Essentials.

Use a test kit or testing strips to test the water’s pH, Alkalinity and Sanitiser. If the pH is fluctuating or is hard to change, your alkalinity may be too low or too high. Checking on it regularly and adjusting as necessary will help prevent problems.

Alkalinity should be between 80-120ppm and pH between 7.2 – 7.8.

The sanitiser, usually bromine or chlorine, is what keeps bacteria and algae from taking over your spa. Maintaining sufficient levels is vital to your pool’s health. Bromine/Chlorine level should be between 2-5ppm.

Importance of a Skimmer

What is a Skimmer?

Pool skimmers are found in every pool and are considered one of the most important features. The rectangular openings located on the side of a pool are referred to as built-in skimmers. Depending on the size of the pool you may have one or more skimmers installed.

Pool skimmers are designed to draw water from the surface suck it through the pool’s filtration system. About 1/8inch of surface water is drawn into the skimmer – helping remove the contaminants and debris from the pool before they sink to the bottom. This occurs without most swimmers even noticing.

Components of a Skimmer

Regardless of which skimmer brand you have, they all feature the following parts:

Skimmer Lid: The lid is a visible component of the skimmer and works to keep larger debris such as twigs from being sucked into the pool’s circulation system. They also prevent you from steeping into the skimmer basket.

Skimmer Mouth: The mouth is the opening on the interior side of the pool. It is through the mouth that the water and debris get sucked into to be filtered.

Skimmer Weir: The weir is the swinging flap located inside the skimmer mouth and will pivot with the flow of the water. The main purpose of the weir is to prevent the debris from escaping back into the pool.

Skimmer basket: The skimmer or strainer basket collects the debris before it is pulled into your pump. This is an essential part of the skimmer – without the basket, debris will clog and damage your filtration system.

Skimmer Suction Line: The suction line is connected to the skimmer basket and is what drives the power of the skimmer.

How Do I Maintain My Skimmer?

Cleaning out your skimmer ensures that it works correctly and will prevent unnecessary damage to your pool’s filtration system. A clogged skimmer basket will also require your pump to work harder to cycle the water which ultimately decreases the lifespan of the seals and the pump itself.

Maintaining your skimmer is simple to do by following these easy steps:

  1. Turn off the pool pump
  2. Remove the skimmer lid
  3. Take out the skimmer basket and empty out the contents
  4. Return the basket back into the skimmer
  5. Replace the skimmer lid and repeat with the other skimmers if applicable
  6. Once complete, turn the pool pump back on

You should clean the skimmer basket at least once a week to keep your pool clean and your equipment functioning optimally.

How to Vacuum a Pool

So you’re probably wondering how to vacuum a pool. Well, we’re here to help with this handy little guide.

The process of vacuuming each surface type is pretty much the same:
  1. Connect the vacuum head to the pool – the head should clip into place
  2. Take the swivel end of your hose and attach it to the vacuum head
  3. Take the vacuum head and submerge it to the pool floor
  4. Submerge the whole vacuum hose in the water, releasing all air bubbles
  5. Remove the skimmer lid and attach your vacuum plate into place above the skimmer basket
  6. Check again that all the air is out of the vacuum hose
  7. Push the vacuum hose into the mouth of the vacuum plate
  8. Now, if all is correct the suction should be coming from the vacuum head
Vacuuming Technique

Vacuuming your pool floor is similar to vacuuming your house. You want to have short and slow overlapping runs. The pattern should look something like this:

It is best to stay with the overlapping pattern for the length of the pool. Continuously going up and down may seem repetitive, but will ensure there are no spots missed.

Troubleshooting Weak Suction

If it seems like the vacuum isn’t picking up debris, it is typically because air is getting into the vacuum hose or into the suction side of the pool pump. As soon as air gets into the lines, it will prevent any type of suction to work.

Potential reasons for this dilemma include the following:
  • The water level in the pool is too low: Make sure the water is high enough to cover the whole skimmer.
  • The vacuum hose has holes, or it isn’t fully connected: Confirm that the vacuum hose is firmly inserted into the vacuum plate and inspect the hose for cracks.
  • The skimmer or pump basket is full: Pull out the skimmer or pump basket and check for debris that may be obstructing water flow to the pump.
  • Air is getting into the pump through the pump lid: Turn on the pump and look through the lid to check for bubbles inside the pump itself. If you see any the O-ring seal may need to be lubricated or replaced.

Different Types of Leaf Nets

When it comes to skimming and scooping debris out of the pool, there are 3 types of pool nets that can be used:

1. Leaf Scoop

Leaf Scoops are used to lightly skim and remove small debris from the waterline level of the pool. They are used in smaller or above ground pools and are not generally used to clean the pool floor.

2. Leaf Rake

Leaf Rakes are used to remove larger debris from the pool’s surface and from the pool floor. This is done by sending the net to the pool floor with the mouth of the rake directed towards you and then dragging and pulling the rake, similar to raking leaves. This creates a slight current that collects debris into the net.

3. Leaf Shovel

Just like the Leaf Rake, Leaf Shovels are used to remove larger debris from the pools surface and pool floor. However, rather than pulling and dragging Leaf Shovels have an angled edge along the frame that allows you to push and shovel up debris. This creates a current that collects debris from the floor.

Why Is pH So Important?

There are many different chemical levels when it comes to balancing your pool or spa, but the pH is overall the most important as it controls the effectiveness of all other levels.

What is pH?
  • The pH level of pool water is a measure of its acidity. A pools pH is a scale of 0 to 14. With a pH below 7.0 indicates the water is acidic and a pH above 8.0 indicates the water is alkaline.
  • Being between these two points is where you want to be.
  • The perfect pH is 7.4-7.6 which is roughly the pH of human eyes.
Why is it so important?
  • A low pH will cause skin and eye irritation by ridding the body of its natural oils which will leave your skin dry, itchy and brittle.
  • Acidic water will start to corrode all of the pool equipment and will even begin to strip the pools surface.
  • A high pH makes your pool chlorine or sanitiser inactive. The higher the pH goes the less effective your sanitiser will become.
  • High pH will also make water cloudy as minerals will start to come out of solution causing milk water.
How to maintain a perfect pH level?

To maintain a perfect pH the key is to test the pool levels once a week. pH is something that changes quite regularly so if you can test twice a week, even better. Adjusting the pH is a matter of using pH increasers/decreasers. The amounts needed will be based on how far out the pH of your water is and the volume of water in your pool. Always read the label and instructions carefully for you to not overdose or under dose your pool.

When it comes to pool maintenance, maintaining your water chemistry in balance is critical to creative a great swimming experience. In many respects the pH level is the very foundation of water balance. By ensuring the pH is within the ideal range you will be protecting your pool and equipment, more importantly the swimmers!

Now that you know what pH does, get out there and have some practice. If you need some extra help, do not hesitate to give us a call on 1800 625 123 for advice on what products are best suited to your pool needs.

How To Extend Your Swimming Season

For swimmers and pool owners, the outdoor swimming season often seems too short. However, there are a few tricks that can help you sneak in just a little more swim time before closing your pool for the winter.

Gas Heaters

Using a gas heater, which normally runs on natural gas or LPG is an efficient way to heat your pool and make the season last. They work quickly by burning gas in the heater’s combustion chamber, generating heat that transfers to the water.

Heat Pumps

Heat pumps are another alternative that works particularly well for pools in Australia. These heat pumps utilise the air around the unit and mostly require temperatures above 15 degrees. The benefit is that they are cost-effective and save pool owners a lot of money compared to gas heaters.

Solar Pool Covers

Solar pool covers are great as they are eco-friendly and cost nothing after the initial purchase. Solar covers lock in heat from the sun for long intervals when the pool is not in use, raising your pools temperature. They are fantastic to pair with other heating options since they help lessen heat loss.

Solar Panels

Much like solar covers, solar panels use the power of the sun to keep your pool heated longer. Unlike covers, they can stay on while your pool is in use, so your pool continues to stay heated longer. Many customers have noted that installing solar panels has allowed them to open their pool earlier and keep it open longer, making the most of their investment overall.

Outdoor Patio Heaters & Fire Pits

While these won’t make your pool warmer, standalone heaters and fire pits can be helpful in extending your pool season. They allow swimming pool owners to warm up quickly after exiting the pool, even when the air is chilly. This will allow you to enjoy your backyard and patio area longer.

5 Pillars Of Pool Care

1. Circulation

Pool water needs to move in order to disperse pool chemicals and improve water filtration. Stagnant water can create a breeding ground for bacteria and algae growth. Pool pumps circulate water and pool chemicals (in particular chlorine) to help eliminate bacteria. To ensure adequate water circulation and chlorination, the pool water will need to be circulated twice in a 24 hour period.

To calculate water turnover it is important to work out the pump flow rate:

ie) Speck 1.25hp pump flow rate is 366LPM

366 x 60 = 21,960 Litres per hour

8 hour water turnover = 175,680 Litres (3.5 total turnovers per day)

For a 50,000L pool to circulate 2 times, the pump will need to be run for a minimum of 5 hours. As a general rule we recommend running the pump for 2x separate cycles as this will prevent the pump from running during the hottest hours of the day – eliminating motor burnout. (6-10am & 6-10pm in Summer and 6-8am & 6-8pm in Winter)

2. Filtration

Pool water must be filtered to help maintain a clean and clear swimming pool. There are three main types of pool filters—sand, cartridge and D.E. (Diatomaceous Earth). Each type of pool filter operates differently, but all work to remove dirt and debris from swimming pool water. Ensure that you clean your filter regularly according to your owner’s manual instructions. A general guide would be to complete a backwash and rinse monthly and clean the cartridge fortnightly.

3. Cleaning & Pool Maintenance

Maintaining the pool and equipment throughout the year is the easiest and most cost effective way to keep the pool sanitized, save power, water and money on your swimming pool. Failing to maintain the pool balance can lead to premature equipment failure (pumps, filters, chlorinators) algae infestations (including blackspot) and various pool surface related staining and calcium leeching. In pebblecrete pools these can require vacuuming to waste or extreme cases draining and acid washing the pool. In vinyl and fibreglass pools the staining and surface deterioration can also require full liner replacement and fibreglass re-coating which require draining of the pool and re-balancing. These processes are expensive to complete and maintaining the pool chemical balance and equipment is the easiest way to prolong pool equipment life and save money, time and stress.

4. Testing

Testing your pool water regularly is the first step towards a safe and healthy swimming pool. HY-CLOR have Aquachek 4 in 1 test strips which work in conjunction with the HY-CLOR app to ensure fast & accurate results in the palm of your hands.

Parameter What does the test complete? Testing Frequency Ideal Range HY-CLOR Rectification Product
pH Measures water acidity Weekly 7.2-7.6 HY-CLOR pH Decreaser, HY-CLOR pH Increaser
Free Chlorine The amount of active Chlorine in the water Weekly 3-5ppm Chlorine Range
Total Alkalinity The measure of waters ability to resist a change in the pH Weekly 80-120ppm HY-CLOR Alkalinity Increaser
Stabiliser Measure of the chlorines ability to resist being eliminated from the Sun Weekly 30-50ppm HY-CLOR Stabiliser
5. Balancing

Keeping your pool water balanced is critical to swimming pool care and a healthy swimming environment. If any testing parameter is unbalanced, it can cause other testing parameters to become unbalanced whilst creating the perfect breeding ground for harmful bacteria, algae and phosphates. Whilst chlorine is the most important element in order to protect pool owners from harmful bacteria, the remaining testing parameters need to be correct to ensure the chlorine is working as efficiently as possible.

If you need some extra help, do not hesitate to give HY-CLOR a call on 1800 625 123 for advice on what products are best suited to your needs.

Pool Equipment Maintenance

Inspect Pool Cleaning Equipment for Damage
  • Visually inspect all your equipment for damage. Give your cleaning equipment a good rinse with a garden hose to remove dust and any other residue from dried pool water from the surfaces of your equipment. Check for cracks, brittle parts, and other damage that might have occurred during storage.
  • While pool cleaning equipment is built to withstand corrosion from pool chemicals, the combination of time, cold air, chemical residues, and dryness can still cause brittleness and damage to your equipment, that’s why we recommend to give your pool equipment a hose down with before putting them into storage.
Pool Brushes
  • The most common damage with pool brushes after a long period of storage is damage to the bristles themselves. Nylon brushes tend to become brittle if they are away from moisture for extended periods of time.
  • If the bristles have become brittle over the winter, then get yourself a new one before the summer season starts. You’ll be using it a lot over the summer and it’s one of the essential pieces of pool cleaning equipment that you’ll be using during the summer.
Leaf Skimmers, Rakes, and Shovels
  • Check for tears on the net and repair as needed so that when leaves and other debris fall into your pool you can scoop them up with no problems.
  • If the tears are too big then it’s time to replace them with new ones in preparation for summer.
Telescopic Poles and Vacuum Head
  • Check the hinges and locks of your telescopic pole as they might have become brittle or stuck from pool chemical residue over the winter.
  • Broken locks mean that nothing will hold your pole in place and this will prevent you from vacuuming or brushing your pool without the pole randomly changing lengths as you go along.
Pool Hoses
  • Check your pool hoses carefully for any damage that might have occurred during storage.
  • A damaged pool hose can prevent you from getting a good vacuum when you are manually vacuuming the pool so ensure that your pool hose is in top condition in preparation for summer.
Skimmer Baskets and Pump Baskets
  • Check your skimmer baskets and pump baskets for any cracks or damage.
  • This is usually overlooked since it’s out of sight but it’s good to check up on these as they’re your pump’s first line of defense against large pieces of debris that may damage your impellers or clog up your pipes.
Automatic Pool Cleaners
  • For automatic pool cleaners, the main thing that you should look out for, especially if they’ve been in storage for a while is to check that all hoses are free from cracks as this will prevent your cleaner from working.
  • Also ensure that the flow valve and vacuum plate are free from any damage, again these are integral parts for your automatic cleaner to work as best as possible.



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